Union Station, also known as New Haven Railroad Station (IATA: ZVE), is the main railroad passenger station in New Haven, Connecticut. Designed by noted American architect Cass Gilbert, the beaux-arts Union Station was completed and opened in 1920 after the previous Union Station (which was located at the foot of Meadow Street, near the site of the current Union Station parking garage) was destroyed by fire. It served the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad until it fell into decline, along with the rest of the railroad industry in North America after World War II. It was shuttered in 1972, leaving only the under-track subway open for passengers, and listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 3, 1975, but it was almost demolished before the Northeast Corridor Improvement Project came to the rescue in 1979. Reopened after extensive renovations in early 1985, it is now the premier gateway to the city.
The property is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as New Haven Railroad Station. Its significance is partly as an example of the work of Cass Gilbert, who also designed the Woolworth Building in New York and the U.S. Supreme Court Building.
Amtrak runs frequent service through Union Station along the electrified Northeast Corridor rail line. Most Amtrak trains are Northeast Regional trains or Acela Express trains operating between Washington, D.C. and Boston.
Additionally, the Vermonter provides through service from Washington, D.C. beyond Springfield to St. Albans, Vermont. At New Haven, the Vermonter has P42DC diesel-electric locomotives added to both ends of the train. This is mainly because the trains must reverse direction at Palmer, MA to continue north to Vermont. As the Shuttles and Keystones take up most of the cab cars, two locomotives are used.
Amtrak operates a yard on the west side of the tracks, next to the station building.
Because of United Airlines code sharing on select Amtrak trains between Union Station and its hub at Newark Liberty International Airport in the New York City area, Union Station is assigned the IATA airport code of ZVE.
New Haven Union Station is the busiest Amtrak station in Connecticut. The station is the tenth busiest Amtrak station in the country, boarding or detraining nearly two thousand passengers daily.
Metro-North Railroad operates its New Haven Line from Union Station, to Grand Central Terminal in New York City. The service is well patronized by commuters, despite the travel time of nearly two hours. Shore Line East and Metro-North work together on schedules to provide quick transfers of trains for commuters traveling from the Shoreline to Grand Central Terminal or Stamford.
Metro-North operates a large train yard in New Haven on the east side of the tracks, opposite Amtraks yard. Work is done here, as well as the storing of train cars and locomotives. It is not uncommon to find trains from the Waterbury Branch being stored in New Haven between schedules. The consist usually is made up of one BL20-GH locomotive as well as three Shoreliner passenger cars. Smaller yards are located in Bridgeport and Stamford.
A select number of trains head two minutes east by downtown New Haven into State Street Station for most commuters convenience.
New Jersey Transit train consists allow Connecticut train riders to be able to ride a one-seat train towards Secaucus for football games. This is an exclusive service that started at the beginning of the 2009–2010 football season and was continued for the 2010–2011 season. This is simply an extended version of New Jersey Transits Northeast Corridor Line, as the trains terminate at New Haven. The train consists of an ALP-46 locomotive as well as double-decker passenger cars. The service is operated by Metro-North from Union Station (New Haven) to Penn Station and by New Jersey Transit from Penn Station through Secaucus Junction, where transfer to the Meadowlands Rail Line is available.
Shore Line East is a commuter rail service owned by the Connecticut Department of Transportation and operated by Amtrak designed to serve residents living east of New Haven along the coast of Connecticut who work in New Haven, Stamford, or New York. Shore Line East trains run primarily inbound from Old Saybrook, Connecticut in the morning, and primarily outbound in the evening, with a few runs continuing to New London, Connecticut.
Shore Line East trains are also primarily stored at night within the Metro-North train yard. Shore Line East consists can usually be found idling between platforms at New Haven.
CTTransits New Haven Division provides bus service to the station on two routes. One is a free shuttle that connects Union Station to downtown and the New Haven Green for connection to the remainder of the CTTransit New Haven routes. The J Kimberly Avenue route to Savin Rock and Milford also serves the station.
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